The evolutionary costs of depression are offset by its benefits in combating existing infections and avoiding new ones.
I propose a fully naturalized definition of cruelty, one that considerably expands the range of creatures and behaviors that may be conceived as cruel
The fate of optimality modeling is typically linked to that of adaptationism: the two are thought to stand or fall together. I argue here that this is mistaken.
An alternative evolution-informed framework is proposed, which suggests that gene-environment interactions and rare genetic variants constitute most of the genetic contribution to mental illness. Common mental illness with mild reproductive disadvantage is likely to have a large contribution from interactions between common genetic variants and environmental exposures. Severe mental illness that confers strong reproductive disadvantage is likely to have a large and pleiotropic contribution from rare variants of recent origin.
‘Locality’ is inherently ambiguous since the same term adheres to different concepts committed to different practices that cannot be employed on the same spatial scale. By accepting ‘locality’ as a process rather than a fixed state, one may be more alert to record its contexts from the start.
® Donald Prothero, "Stephen Jay Gould: Did he bring paleontology to the 'high table'"?" Philos Theor Bopö 1:e001, 2009 pdf